3. Symbols for Supplied or Suppressed Text

Because all CCL transcriptions are simply records of the exact representation of the text in the manuscript, there should be no editorially supplied letters or words, and no editorial suppression of errors generated through haplography, etc. This removes any need to use editorial symbols, such as brackets of any type, to indicate to the reader what has been supplied or suppressed. The symbol to avoid in any transcription is the angle bracket, < >, because this signals encoding markup.

The exception to the rule about supplied letters is that we do expect all standard abbreviations to be silently expanded. In the generally standard canonistic material, it is deemed by the CCL to be a wasteful effort to indicate typographically every expansion of abbreviations such as eps, prsb, eccl, ampersands, suspension marks for m or n, n+suspension mark for "non", etc. In instances where the expansion is a bit uncertain or it appears that there is a scribal error or misunderstanding, the transcriber may supply a brief editorial note indicating the form of the abbreviation and the selected expansion, or may indicate the visible letters with en-dashes for suspension marks and single apostrophes for hook symbols, but we discourage creative efforts to use modern typographical symbols to represent peculiar medieval pen-strokes.

More problematic abbreviations, such as sigla for proper names, or idiosyncratic use of abbreviations, should be either left unexpanded or accompanied by an editorial note that clearly describes the abbreviation and the editor's choice of expansion. Additional information about scribal practices or unusual content may be added to the Codicological Questionnaire, which is published as a separate but linked document.